levitra 5mg Lilly Deutschland

Effects of vardenafil treatment on erectile function recovery following bilateral nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy: a randomised placebo-controlled study (REACTT)


Effects of vardenafil treatment on erectile function recovery following bilateral nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy: a randomised placebo-controlled study (REACTT)

Background: The potential rehabilitative and protective effect of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) on penile function after nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (NSRP) remains unclear.

Objective: The primary objective was to compare the efficacy of vardenafil 5mg once daily and vardenafil 20mg on demand versus placebo taken over 9 mo in improving unassisted erectile function (EF) following NSRP, as measured by the proportion of patients achieving an International Index of Erectile Function-Erectile Function domain (IIEF-EF) score ≥ 22 after 6-wk drug-free washout (DFW). Secondary measures included IIEF-EF, Sexual Encounter Profile question 3 (SEP-3), and penile length.

Design, setting, and participants: Randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled trial in men ≤ 68 yr of age with adenocarcinoma of the prostate (Gleason ≤ 7) and normal preoperative EF who underwent NSRP at 50 centres from nine European countries and Canada.

Interventions: 1:1:1 randomisation to 9 mo of treatment with vardenafil 5mg once daily, vardenafil 20mg on demand, or placebo followed by a 6-wk DFW and 3-mo open-label vardenafil once daily (all patients).

Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Logistic regression, mixed-effects model for repeated measures, and analysis of covariance, adjusting for treatment, age, and country, were applied to IIEF-EF scores ≥ 22, SEP-3, and penile length.

Results and limitations: Four hundred twenty-three patients were randomised to vardenafil once daily (n=139), on demand (n=143), and placebo (n=141). The mean age was 57.9 yr of age (standard deviation: 5.58 yr); 20.9%, 16.9%, and 19.1% of patients in the vardenafil once daily, on demand, and placebo groups, respectively, achieved IIEF EF scores ≥ 22 after DFW; odds ratios for vardenafil once daily and on demand versus placebo were 1.1 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.6-2.1; p=0.675) and 0.9 (95% CI, 0.5-1.7; p=0.704). At the end of double-blind treatment (EDT), least squares (LS) mean IIEF-EF score improvement significantly exceeded the minimally clinically important difference (MCID: ΔIIEF-EF ≥ 4) in both vardenafil groups; for SEP-3 (MCID ≥ 23%), this was the case for vardenafil once daily only. Treatment effects versus placebo were significant for vardenafil once daily only (IIEF-EF: p=0.016; SEP-3: p=0.019). In all groups, IIEF-EF and SEP-3 decreased during DFW but continued to improve during open-label treatment. At month 9 (EDT), penile length loss was significantly reduced versus placebo in the vardenafil once daily group only (LS mean difference 4.1mm; 95% CI, 0.4-7.8; p=0.032).

Conclusions: vardenafil once daily was most effective on drug-assisted EF in men with erectile dysfunction following NSRP, and data suggest a potential role for vardenafil once daily provided early after surgery in contributing to the recovery of EF after prostatectomy and possibly protecting from penile structural changes. Unassisted EF was not improved after cessation of active therapy for 9 mo.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01026818.

Keywords: Clinical trials; Erectile dysfunction; Nerve-sparing prostatectomy; Penile function; Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors; Prostate cancer; Radical prostatectomy; Rehabilitation; vardenafil once a day.

Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Comment in

Burnett AL. Burnett AL. Eur Urol. 2014 Mar;65(3):597-8. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2013.10.018. Epub 2013 Oct 28. Eur Urol. 2014. PMID: 24268502 No abstract available.

Brock G, Montorsi F, Büttner H, Henneges C, Mulhall J. Brock G, et al. Eur Urol. 2014 Mar;65(3):598-9. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2013.11.015. Epub 2013 Nov 19. Eur Urol. 2014. PMID: 24287317 No abstract available.

Similar articles

Montorsi F, Oelke M, Henneges C, Brock G, Salonia A, d'Anzeo G, Rossi A, Mulhall JP, Büttner H. Montorsi F, et al. Eur Urol. 2016 Sep;70(3):529-37. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2016.02.036. Epub 2016 Mar 3. Eur Urol. 2016. PMID: 26947602 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.

Mulhall JP, Brock G, Oelke M, Fode M, Probst KA, Henneges C, d'Anzeo G, Rossi A, Büttner H. Mulhall JP, et al. J Sex Med. 2016 Apr;13(4):679-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jsxm.2016.01.022. Epub 2016 Mar 25. J Sex Med. 2016. PMID: 27045264 Clinical Trial.

Porst H, Gacci M, Büttner H, Henneges C, Boess F. Porst H, et al. Eur Urol. 2014 Feb;65(2):455-64. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2013.09.037. Epub 2013 Oct 2. Eur Urol. 2014. PMID: 24119319

Limoncin E, Gravina GL, Corona G, Maggi M, Ciocca G, Lenzi A, Jannini EA. Limoncin E, et al. Andrology. 2017 Sep;5(5):863-872. doi: 10.1111/andr.12403. Epub 2017 Aug 8. Andrology. 2017. PMID: 28787547 Review.

Tian D, Wang XY, Zong HT, Zhang Y. Tian D, et al. Clin Interv Aging. 2017 Feb 20;12:405-412. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S122273. eCollection 2017. Clin Interv Aging. 2017. PMID: 28260869 Free PMC article. Review.

Cited by

Rahardjo HE, Märker V, Tsikas D, Kuczyk MA, Ückert S, Bannowsky A. Rahardjo HE, et al. J Clin Med. 2023 Jul 19;12(14):4770. doi: 10.3390/jcm12144770. J Clin Med. 2023. PMID: 37510885 Free PMC article. Review.

Thakur PS, Gharde P, Prasad R, Wanjari MB, Sharma R. Thakur PS, et al. Cureus. 2023 Apr 27;15(4):e38186. doi: 10.7759/cureus.38186. eCollection 2023 Apr. Cureus. 2023. PMID: 37261151 Free PMC article. Review.

Dickstein DR, Edwards CR, Lehrer EJ, Tarras ES, Gallitto M, Sfakianos J, Galsky MD, Stock R, Safer JD, Rosser BRS, Marshall DC. Dickstein DR, et al. Nat Rev Urol. 2023 Jun;20(6):332-355. doi: 10.1038/s41585-023-00778-3. Epub 2023 May 22. Nat Rev Urol. 2023. PMID: 37217695 Review.

Ma X, Yang W, Nie P, Zhang Z, Chen Z, Wei H. Ma X, et al. Basic Clin Androl. 2023 May 18;33(1):11. doi: 10.1186/s12610-023-00187-x. Basic Clin Androl. 2023. PMID: 37198550 Free PMC article.

Harke NN, Strauss S, Peters I, Katzendorn O, Tezval H, Kuczyk MA, Vogt PM. Harke NN, et al. World J Urol. 2023 Jun;41(6):1481-1487. doi: 10.1007/s00345-023-04427-7. Epub 2023 May 17. World J Urol. 2023. PMID: 37195313 Free PMC article.


Porst H, Gacci M, Büttner H, Henneges C, Boess F. Porst H, et al. Eur Urol. 2014 Feb;65(2):455-64. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2013.09.037. Epub 2013 Oct 2. Eur Urol. 2014. PMID: 24119319


Effects of vardenafil treatment on erectile function recovery following bilateral nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy: a randomised placebo-controlled study (REACTT)

Background: The potential rehabilitative and protective effect of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) on penile function after nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (NSRP) remains unclear.

Objective: The primary objective was to compare the efficacy of vardenafil 5mg once daily and vardenafil 20mg on demand versus placebo taken over 9 mo in improving unassisted erectile function (EF) following NSRP, as measured by the proportion of patients achieving an International Index of Erectile Function-Erectile Function domain (IIEF-EF) score ≥ 22 after 6-wk drug-free washout (DFW). Secondary measures included IIEF-EF, Sexual Encounter Profile question 3 (SEP-3), and penile length.

Design, setting, and participants: Randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled trial in men ≤ 68 yr of age with adenocarcinoma of the prostate (Gleason ≤ 7) and normal preoperative EF who underwent NSRP at 50 centres from nine European countries and Canada.

Interventions: 1:1:1 randomisation to 9 mo of treatment with vardenafil 5mg once daily, vardenafil 20mg on demand, or placebo followed by a 6-wk DFW and 3-mo open-label vardenafil once daily (all patients).

Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Logistic regression, mixed-effects model for repeated measures, and analysis of covariance, adjusting for treatment, age, and country, were applied to IIEF-EF scores ≥ 22, SEP-3, and penile length.

Results and limitations: Four hundred twenty-three patients were randomised to vardenafil once daily (n=139), on demand (n=143), and placebo (n=141). The mean age was 57.9 yr of age (standard deviation: 5.58 yr); 20.9%, 16.9%, and 19.1% of patients in the vardenafil once daily, on demand, and placebo groups, respectively, achieved IIEF EF scores ≥ 22 after DFW; odds ratios for vardenafil once daily and on demand versus placebo were 1.1 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.6-2.1; p=0.675) and 0.9 (95% CI, 0.5-1.7; p=0.704). At the end of double-blind treatment (EDT), least squares (LS) mean IIEF-EF score improvement significantly exceeded the minimally clinically important difference (MCID: ΔIIEF-EF ≥ 4) in both vardenafil groups; for SEP-3 (MCID ≥ 23%), this was the case for vardenafil once daily only. Treatment effects versus placebo were significant for vardenafil once daily only (IIEF-EF: p=0.016; SEP-3: p=0.019). In all groups, IIEF-EF and SEP-3 decreased during DFW but continued to improve during open-label treatment. At month 9 (EDT), penile length loss was significantly reduced versus placebo in the vardenafil once daily group only (LS mean difference 4.1mm; 95% CI, 0.4-7.8; p=0.032).

Conclusions: vardenafil once daily was most effective on drug-assisted EF in men with erectile dysfunction following NSRP, and data suggest a potential role for vardenafil once daily provided early after surgery in contributing to the recovery of EF after prostatectomy and possibly protecting from penile structural changes. Unassisted EF was not improved after cessation of active therapy for 9 mo.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01026818.

Keywords: Clinical trials; Erectile dysfunction; Nerve-sparing prostatectomy; Penile function; Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors; Prostate cancer; Radical prostatectomy; Rehabilitation; vardenafil once a day.

Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Burnett AL. Burnett AL. Eur Urol. 2014 Mar;65(3):597-8. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2013.10.018. Epub 2013 Oct 28. Eur Urol. 2014. PMID: 24268502 No abstract available.


Similar articles


Rahardjo HE, Märker V, Tsikas D, Kuczyk MA, Ückert S, Bannowsky A.




30.10.2022 15:14:57

2022-10-30 15:14:57


New Pharmacy For Females mp research vardenafil Tablete Dejstvo ==**|**==Kandungan Obat Kuat Pharmacy best price generic levitra 20 mg Professional Australia


Nombre Comercial Del Pharmacy En Peru levitra vardenafil 20 mg. 30 tablet Cost Of 100 Mg At Walmart ==**|**==Female Version Of Pharmacy Approved viagra levitra cialis online australia The Little Blue Pill That Could